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To conserve and protect the biodiversity, natural resources, functional ecosystems and heritage value of the Crocodile River Nature Reserve
Less than 3% of South African grasslands are formally protected.
Grasslands are second only to the Fynbos Biome for plant diversity, and grasslands support a greater number of species per unit of measure than fynbos - grassland 81 species per 1 000 m²...fynbos 65.
More than 40% of the Grassland Biome has been irreversibly modified, and 60% of what remains is considered threatened.
Nearly half of the country's strategic water source areas are in the Grassland Biome.
52 of South Africa's 122 important bird areas are in the grasslands.
5 of the 34 mammals (44%) endemic to South Africa can be found in the Grassland Biome and 4 of these (27%) are endemic to the biome
Gauteng is heavily urbanised and industrialised, and its ecosystems are losing vital aspects of their composition and functioning.
Ecosystems are compromised in the ability to deliver essential services such as water filtration and collection, soil formation, climate regulation, air purification and reduction of risk associated with natural disasters.
The amenity value of open space and scenic beauty increases as the urban areas expand. Vast areas of urban sprawl not only erode the available open space, but the absence of planning often results in insufficient green or open space for residents to enjoy.